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Cairo is the capital of Egypt, the largest city in Africa. Cairo is located on the Nile in northern Egypt. Cairo was founded in 969 when the capital was Memphis, which is located 30 km south of Cairo. In the beginning was the village of Babylon roughly in the center of where Cairo now stands. In 641, the area was conquered by an Islamic army. They established a new settlement, Fustat, "Tent City", which eventually grew into a city. In 969 founded warlord Gohar city of Al-Qahira (the Arabic name of Cairo).

Cairo is located on the banks and on islands in the Nile River south of Egypt, south of the point where the river leaves the desert valley it runs through and divides into two parts in the Nile delta region.

In Cairo and along the Nile River Valley, the climate is a desert climate, but often with high humidity due to the river valley's effects.

Cairo has many world famous sights and a forheksedt effect and content of many days of exploration. The sight of the burial equipment from Tutankhamun's tomb in the Egyptian Museum can impress most. The Khan el-Khalili Bazaar, one can do both good and less good buy and later can settle down in Muhammad Ali mosque dazzling white courtyard with the devotional silence.

The three Great Pyramids and Sphinx at Giza are absolute necessities for all travel to Egypt, and those who have overcome himself and his claustrophobia can tell Cheops pyramid's interior and the long road through the dark corridors of the tomb of Pharaoh's soul should rise up to from heaven, and unite with the sun god.

Nile flows through the city, and the large Nile boats are ideal as floating hotels when the rest of Egypt to be experienced.
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