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Eiffel Tower
Category: Landmarks



Eiffel Tower is the most famous landmark in Paris and is known internationally as a symbol of France. Eiffel Tower is named after its designer, engineer Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. The tower is located on the 7th district and is a famous attraction for tourism, with over 5.5 million visitors each year. The 28 November 2002 had the tower had 200 million (200 million) guests.

The Eiffel Tower was built between 1887 and 1889 and was completed at the World Exhibition in 1889 as a tribute to the centenary of the French Revolution. 300 steel workers put together 18,038 pieces of steel using 2,500,000 bolts. In all spent approx. 7000 tons of steel. Total weight is 9000 tons. Maximum fluctuation in the strong winds are twelve inches, while the tower expands up to 15 inches in extreme heat. The four foundations are excavated 9-14 feet down into the earth and each has a surface of 25 square meters. Tower has 1665 steps to the top and costed in 1889 7.8 million French francs (approximately 20 million Norwegian kroner) to build. Given the overall security status of the time, it is remarkable that only one worker died during the Construction.

The tower was met with some resistance from the public, as it was felt that the tower would be a thorn in the eye. Today the tower is recognized as one of the most beautiful pieces of architecture in the world.

The 31 March 1889 could engineer the Eiffel hoist tricolor (the French flag) on top. The first visitors were the then Prince of Wales (Edward VII), who ascended the tower 10 June 1889.

The Eiffel Tower was originally only allowed to stand for 20 years, but when the tower proved valuable for telecommunications, was standing. The 12th January 1908 was the first long-distance radio message sent from the tower.

The Eiffel Tower was the tallest building until 1930, when it was surpassed by the 319 meter tall Chrysler Building in New York.

The tower has also been sold to a man by a peasant prisoners ploy by Victor Lustig.

The tower is 300 meters high, without factoring in television antenna on top that has a height of 21 meters. Maintenance of the tower includes 50 tons of dark brown paint every seven years. In 2000 it was installed flasher and a number of floodlights. These lights have become part of the nocturnal Paris. Projectors have been a guy in Paris night sky. The tower also has a number of practical purposes, as it houses the radio and television antennas, a meteorological station and a luftfyr. In the first and second floor are restaurants and a snack bar on top. When it's nice weather and good visibility you can see up to 67 km beyond Paris.

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